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Species Status*
 1.   Astacus astacus Native
 2.   Astacus leptodactylus Native
 3.   Astacus pachypus Native
 4.   Pacifastacus leniusculus Introduced
 5.   Cambaroides wladiwostokensis Native
 6.   Cambaroides dauricus Native
 7.   Cambaroides koshevonikowi Native
 8.   Cambaroides sachalinensis Native
 9.   Cambaroides schrencki Native

* Conservation status has not yet been determined.


Holdich, D.M. (2002). Present distribution of crayfish in Europe and some adjoining countries. In: Knowledge-based management of European native crayfish. Crayfish special Vol. 4, (eds C. Souty-Grosset & F. Grandjean). Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 367(4), 611-650.

Holdich, D. M., Ackefors, H., Gherardi, F., Rogers, W. D. & Skurdal, J. (1999). Alien crayfish in
Europe: some conclusions.  In: Crayfish in Europe as alien species - how to make the best of a
bad situation
, pp. 281-292. (Gherardi, F. & Holdich, D. M. eds). Crustacean Issues  11. Balkema,
Rotterdam. ISBN 90 5410 469.

Starobogatov, Ya. I. 1995.  Taxonomy and geographical distribution of crayfishes of Asia and East
Europe (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacoidei).  Arthropoda Selecta, 4 (3/4): 3-25.

Last Updated:  08 January 2019
James W. Fetzner Jr.